Writing Essay Based On Graph
Ah, the IELTS Writing Task 1.Describe the key information in a graph.I’ve read thousands of IELTS graph essays.I will be honest.For the most part, I find them dreadfully boring to review. The main reason for this is that the ESL student doesn’t vary their language or use a variety of synonyms.As 25% of your marks are for the range of vocabulary that you use, this is a very important component to review as you prepare for the Writing Task 1. Here, I am going to provide you with a range of words and phrases to incorporate into your writing now, so that you can get top marks on at least the lexical resource category.
Often ESL students start their essay with ‘The graph shows…’. While this is fine, the verb ‘shows’ could be replaced by a more exciting and high-level vocabulary word.Here are four different prompts to start your essay:
- The graph illustrates the trends in…
- The graph reveals information about the changes in…
- The graph provides the differences between…
- The graph presents how X has changed over a period of…
Tip:DO NOT write the word below or above in your introduction. i.e. The graph above/below shows…
Add Suitable Adverbs
Adverbs help express a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, and degree, and can greatly add some color and interest to your writing as well as show off your range of vocabulary.Some great ones to use in the IELTS writing include:
Use Appropriate Synonyms
Again using a variety of nouns and verbs for words like rise and fall will help increase your overall score.Here are some suggestions:
Add Time Phrases
Where appropriate, add time phrases such as:
- between… and…
- from… to… (inclusive)
- in the year (1994)
- during/over the period….
- over the latter half of the year/century/decade/period…..
- over the next/past/previous….
- by (1997)…..
Model Essay Example
Look at the sample Task 1 graphs on the British Council website.Below is my model answer with useful words in bold:
The bar charts illustrate the trends in computer ownership, with a further classification by level of education, from 2002 to 2010.
Over the period, it can be observed that there was a significant surge in the percentage of the population that owned a computer. In the year 2002, only about 58% of the population owned a computer, whereas by 2010, this gradually increased to where over three-quarters of individuals had a home computer.
Looking at the information by level of education reveals that higher levels of education correspond to higher levels of computer ownership in both of those years. In 2002, a significantly low percentage of the population who did not finish high school had a computer, but this figure skyrocketed by 2010, going from 15% to over 40%. There were also dramatic climbs, of approximately 30 percentage points, for those with a high school diploma or an unfinished college education (reaching 65% and 85%, respectively, in 2010).
To conclude, during the last decade, therehas been a substantial growth in computer ownership across all educational levels.
Hopefully you’ll start to incorporate some of these key words and phrases in your IELTS Task 1 Writing. If you still don’t feel comfortable doing so, consider dedicating more time to your IELTS studies with Magoosh’s fun, engaging IELTS prep for extra practice.
IELTS Line Graph Examples
Continuing with the sites IELTS line graph examples, this is an example of a line graph comparing car theft.
It's important to organise your graph clearly, draw out the key trends and make comparisons.
That has been done well in this answer.
IELTS Line Graph Examples - Model Answer
The line graph compares the number of car thefts, measured in thousands, in four countries from 1990 to 1999. Overall, it can be seen that car thefts were far higher in Great Britain than in the other three counties throughout the whole time frame.
To begin, car thefts in Sweden, France and Canada followed a fairly similar pattern over the first five years, all remaining at between 5 and 10 per thousand. The general trend though for France and Canada was a decline in the number of vehicles stolen over the period, with both at around 6 in 1999. In contrast, Sweden experienced an upward trend, starting the period at approximately 8, and finishing at just under 15.
Interestingly, car thefts in Great Britain started at 18 per thousand, which far exceeded that of the other countries. It then fluctuated over the next nine years, reaching a peak of 20 thefts per 1000 in 1996, and ending the period slightly lower than where it began, at approximately 17 per thousand.
This graph would score highly in the IELTS test.
The graph starts with an overview that highlights the key information presented in the graph.
It has also been organised very clearly around the main trends.
The first body paragraph describes Sweden, France and Canada together as they follow a very similar pattern, whereas Great Britain is discussed separately in the second body paragraph as this follows a very different pattern.
This makes the description easy to follow and read and shows the writer has been able to make comparisons of the data.
There is also a good range of vocabulary and accurate grammar.
Home › Sample Graphs › Line Graph Examples Thefts
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The line graph shows thefts per thousand vehicles in four countries between 1990 and 1999.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.