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Essay Questions On Psychopharmacology

Drug-Use May Hamper Moral Judgment

July 13, 2016 — Regular cocaine and methamphetamine users can have difficulty choosing between right and wrong, perhaps because the specific parts of their brains used for moral processing and evaluating emotions ... read more

Sep. 1, 2016 — Smoking the equivalent of a single 'spliff' of cannabis makes people less willing to work for money while 'high,' finds a new study. The research is the first to reliably ... read more

Benzodiazepines, Related Drugs Increase Stroke Risk Among Persons With Alzheimer's Disease

Jan. 16, 2017 — The use of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like drugs was associated with a 20 per cent increased risk of stroke among persons with Alzheimer’s disease, shows a recent study. Benzodiazepines ... read more

Hyped New Recreational Drug 'Flakka' Is as Addictive as 'Bath Salts'

May 8, 2015 — Scientists have found using animal models that the new recreational drug alpha-PVP (“flakka”) seems equivalently potent as a stimulant, and therefore as addictive, as its chemical cousin MDPV ... read more

Rethinking Serotonin Could Lead to a Shift in Psychiatric Care

Sep. 4, 2017 — A better understanding of how a key chemical messenger acts in the brain could lead to a radical shift in psychiatric care, according to a new research ... read more

Depression Experts Question Effectiveness of Stress Hormone Drug

Jan. 20, 2016 — Pioneering research by mood disorder experts has questioned the effectiveness of metyrapone, a drug suggested to treat ... read more

Study May Offer Answers for Treating Depression in Alcoholics

Feb. 2, 2016 — A new study is offering a glimmer of hope to alcoholics who find it hard to remain sober because their abstinence is hounded by stubborn, difficult-to-treat ... read more

Two Drugs Reduce Teacher-Rated Anxiety, in Addition to ADHD, Aggression

Apr. 17, 2015 — The addition of risperidone to parent training and a stimulant also improves teachers’ assessments of anxiety and social avoidance, new research shows. Improvement in teacher-rated anxiety and ... read more

Dec. 1, 2016 — A substantial majority of people suffering cancer-related anxiety or depression found considerable relief for up to six months from a single large dose of psilocybin -- the active compound in ... read more

The Dangers of Driving After Restricted Sleep and Moderate Alcohol Intake

July 19, 2017 — In a recent study, combining moderate alcohol consumption (within legal limits for driving) and moderate sleep restriction led to greater drowsiness and increased deficits in attention, compared with ... read more

Despite the great popularity of selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants in North America and Europe, most of these medications have not yet been introduced in Japan. This reflects the difficulty in obtaining government approval for new drugs in Japan, as well as specific social and cultural issues. The majority of patients with depression or dysphoric mood in Japan are seen in specialty medical care, complain of physical symptoms, and are treated with anxiolytic medications. Sadness and depression may be given positive social meanings as yielding enhanced awareness of the transient nature of the world. This article explores the relevance for bioethics of cultural variations in the use of antidepressants at three different levels of analysis: (i) the varieties of depressive experience as they unfold in specific cultural worlds and value systems; (ii) the narrative construction of the self; and (iii) the political economic context of the pharmacological treatment of depression. The strong interconnections of values framed at one level with those at other levels means that there are likely to be unavoidable tradeoffs between different values or desirable short and long-term outcomes such as energy, efficiency, happiness, maturation, depth of personality, and responsiveness to social and moral predicaments. These tradeoffs challenge the assumption of universalism in biomedicine and raise questions about the consequences of our willingness to use medications to treat the myriad forms of distress that may signal fundamental problems with our way of life.

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