Essay On Case Study For Student Analysis Essay

A case study is one of the many research methods or strategies used by students that are studying a certain person, group, or situation. Case studies can usually be found in such areas of knowledge such as sociology, anthropology, psychology, education and much more.

Table Of Contents

Case Study Definition

It is a piece of scientific research that follows the development of a person, group or event over a period of time. They often exemplify a formal research method and are used to support a principle. This type of paper adds meaning to its field by contributing unique knowledge. To define “case study”, you might want to seek out examples of famous case studies.

What is The Purpose

The first thing you need to do is to determine what type of case study you are going to write about. After you have chosen the subject, you need to understand that the main purpose is to make a thorough analysis of a situation or case.

Types Of Case Studies

Case studies usually include abnormal phenomena that contributed to the field of study in which they were performed. The different types of case studies are in the fields of They also come in two types:


A psychology case study is an analysis of a person, group, or phenomenon. Psychologists use clinical research to describe rare events. Psychology studies are usually done by using case-control and problem-oriented study. The studies must be valid and reliable. Here is a list of famous case studies:

  • Harlow - Phineas Gage
  • Breuer & Freud (1895) - Anna O.
  • Harvey Cleckley's study of Multiple Personality Disorder (The Three Faces of Eve)
  • John Money and the John/Joan case
  • Genie (feral child)

Case-Control Study

This type of study is an observational one. It analyzes a potential relationship between the attribute and the outcome. For example, in a study that proves that smoking causes lung cancer, the smoker is the case, smoking is the attribute, cancer is the outcome, and a person who doesn’t smoke would be a control.

Problem Oriented Study

Some case studies require you to solve a problem by developing a new design. These types of case studies are problem orientated.


Almost every business is unique. However, case studies allow us to take away universal lessons and apply them. A business case study focuses on performance and retention, supply chain management, growth, and ad spending. Below are some famous case studies that you can read about as good case study examples.

  • Workplace Drug Abuse
  • Malden Mills
  • Starbucks on Every Corner
  • Small Customers, Big Profits
  • Succession Planning


Historical case studies analyze the causes and consequences of a situation and discuss the lessons learned. Otherwise, history can also refer to the background information. Make sure to gather as much participant or situational history as possible.


A case study is an incredibly useful way of conducting research. Case studies have been used across a number of disciplines. Individual researchers used case studies to diversify the discipline. This resulted in case study research evolving into a flexible approach to research.


Your instructor may assign a case study analysis instead of one that is stand-alone. This assignment is easier, as it only requires you to analyze and synthesize the research method used within an assigned case study. Begin with reading as many articles as possible about the proposed study and then proceed to review the actual first publication. By reading other pieces of writing on this subject, you will be able to comprehend the research method used in the assigned study easier.

Harvard Case Study

Harvard University has millions of case studies in their registry. Some students get access to them. However, they need to be purchased online most of the time. If you want to use a Harvard case study as an example, then you should either purchase one online or purchase a unique and ready-made example from one of EssayPro paper writers.

Types Of Methods

Case studies are investigations. Typically the method of gathering information for different cases involves observations, interviews, or gathering data information. The research continues for a long period of time. Most often, case study methodology is simply observing, reconstructing the history, and investigating a topic with extreme precision and detail. The data is collected and then analyzed. The conclusion either supports a pre-existing theory or acts as a base for a new theory. A good case study should always clarify which information is factual and which is altered by your bias toward a certain theory.


Using a template may be more helpful to your writing process. Move from section to section in your drafting process and then go back to the abstract and summarize your paper. A comprehensive template like this can also work to create an outline for your paper. Below is a comprehensive template that matches the case study layout:

Running Header:

  1. Name, academic degrees and affiliation

Name, address and telephone number of the corresponding author
Keywords: (limit of five)
Abstract: (maximum of 150 words)

  • Introduction
  • Case Presentation
  • Management and Outcome
  • Discussion
    Legends: (tables, figures, or images)

How To Write An Outline

The main goal of the outline of the paper is to help you organize your thoughts and data. After doing this, you’ll be able to see the bigger picture and write a complete paper. So let’s find out how to write an outline. Essentially your outline will contain three main parts: The Introduction, a Body, and a Conclusion. But to be sure that your paper is fully finished, consult your lecturer about what he or she wants to be included in your paper. So let’s find out how an outline supposed to be written if you are going to write about a problem-oriented study:

I. Introduction (should contain your thesis statement or the topic of your research)

  • Statement of the Issue
  • Presentation of problems or problem
  • Explanation of the terms
  • Hypothesis
  • Analysis of Related Literature
  • Importance of your study
  • Significance of the study

II. Body (must involve the presentation of your arguments to support your thesis statement or topic. Try to find at least three approving arguments for each position.)

  • Background of the Study
  • Presentation of analysis and data
  • Strong argument 1
  • Strong argument 2
  • Strong argument 3

III. Conclusion (make a summary of all your arguments and research that you’ve made and state your final position.)

  • Concluding Statement
  • Recommendations

How to Format your paper

The research format is similar to most scientific reports. Your citation format should be chosen based on the discipline or the command of your instructor.

Title page: The first page of your masterpiece

  • Title: Pick a title that will attract attention and adequately describe your study. You may want to have a title that contains the word “case study” in it. Your title should range between 5-9 words in length
  • Your name and contact information
  • Keywords: this will make it easier for people to find in a search engine
  • Your finished case study should be only 500 to 1,500 words in length. With this kind of an assignment, write effectively and avoid fluff.

Abstract: narrative and structured.

  • In a narrative abstract, you simply summarize the whole paper.
  • In a structured abstract, you may use subheadings to guide your reader.
  • It is recommended that you write your abstract after finishing the whole paper.
  • In the case of a structured abstract, the subheadings will be: introduction, case presentation, management and outcome, and discussion.


  • Introduction: Include one or two sentences to describe the context of the case and summarize the entire case study.
  • Case presentation: Here, include several sentences describe the history and results of the case.
  • Management and Outcome: Here, reference the measures you used and link it to the conclusion of the study.
  • Discussion: Synthesize and explain the case and within one or two sentences describe the lessons discovered or any that are yet to be learned.
  • Acknowledgments: If you received assistance with the case study, you may thank them in this section.
  • References: References should be listed as described elsewhere in the discipline of yours or your instructor’s choosing.
  • Legends: If you used tables, figures or photographs, they should be accompanied by a brief explanation. Make sure everything is understandable and included at the end of the manuscript.

Now that you understand the format and structure of a case study, here are some important pointers:

  • Use the template and work section by section to produce the first draft of your case study.
  • Before embarking on the writing process, you should gather all relevant materials. Ask yourself: “What is interesting about this case?”
  • You may want to consider writing an outline at first to make the process easier.

How To Cite Your Paper

Citing your work is definitely easier than writing about it. You can cite it just like you cite a book, depending what style you need.
In MLA: Hill, Linda, Tarun Khanna, and Emily A. Stecker. HCL Technologies. Boston: Harvard Business Publishing, 2008. Print.
In APA: Hill, L., Khanna, T., & Stecker, E. A. (2008). HCL Technologies. Boston: Harvard Business Publishing.
In Chicago: Hill, Linda, Tarun Khanna, and Emily A. Stecker. HCL Technologies.


After you have finished the writing process, avoid any paper editing for a few hours or days. Then, give it a second read and correct small grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. Make sure that everything flows as smooth as possible. Every paragraph should include transitions to give the readers an explanation of what will be next in the next paragraph.

Cover Page

A title page depends on the prescribed citation format. Here is a template for the APA format title page:


Although your instructor might be looking at slightly different criteria, every case study rubric essentially has the same standards. Your professor will want you to exhibit 8 different outcomes:

  • Correctly identify the concepts, theories, and practices in the discipline.
  • Identify the relevant theories and principles associated with the particular case study.
  • Evaluate legal and ethical principles and apply them to decision-making.
  • Recognize and global importance and contribution.
  • Construct coherent summary and explanation of the study.
  • Demonstrate analytical and critical-thinking skills
  • Explain the interrelationships between environment and nature.
  • Integrate theory and practice of the discipline within the analysis.

Ways Of Presenting Your Paper

Perhaps the most important reason people create case studies is to present them in a certain way. The presentation must be engaging and educate the audience on the significance of the work. Industries use presentations to showcase newly found information about the conducted research and impact. Firstly, consider various methods for your presentation. Find a way to capture the audience’s attention with graphics and illustrations. A Powerpoint, a Prezi, or a Google Slides presentation is easy to use and allows for the implementation of interesting transitions as well as charts and graphs. Leave your conclusion for the end of the presentation to keep the audience interested about the conclusion of the case study.

Essay Writing Advice From Our Professional Team

Prof Trent, from EssayPro

When writing a case study, it is easy to get off topic. My piece of advice for your writing is to abstain from delving too much into technicalities while writing your case study. Whether your case study is a science piece or a business/economy piece, make your heading and subheadings attention-grabbing. This not only captures what the case study is about but also keeps the attention of your reader. Another piece of advice that I have for you is that you briefly summarize the broader topic beforehand, but don’t refer back to the summary during your actual case study. For example, if your case study is about psychological phenomena, then you would want to summarize the particular field of study (e.g. abnormal psychology) and then continue writing about your topic. My last tip for you is to use the cause-effect essay structure. What caused the case study? What was it's effect/result?

Don't Know Where to Start?

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If you’re like most travelers, when you arrive home from a trip, the last thing you want to do is unpack your suitcase. You’re worn out from your travels and can totally relate to the Beatles when they sang, “Leave it till tomorrow to unpack my case.”

A lot of times, you can feel that way about writing too—leave it till tomorrow.

Procrastination, though, generally isn’t your friend, so let’s get to the business of how to write a case study that means business.

What Is a Case Study?

Even if you don’t know much about case studies, you can safely assume that a case study isn’t simply a study of suitcases (or some other type of case). Technically, you could write a case study about cases, but that’s a discussion for another time.

Here’s a basic definition:

A case study analyzes a specific problem in a business and examines possible solutions using evidence from sources to support information.

In some ways, a case study is like a typical problem-solution essay. You need to examine a problem, then identify one or more solutions. If the problem, for instance, is a lack of healthy options in the campus food court, you can propose a solution to bring healthier food to campus.

Let’s unpack that a little more and dive into how to write a case study.

How to Write a Case Study: The Contents

The case

The case is the focus of your paper. It’s like the actual suitcase you use when traveling. You need a good, sturdy case to hold everything together. Choose a flimsy suitcase, and baggage handlers will destroy it in no time. Choose a flimsy case for your case study, and your prof will do the same.

When deciding on the right case for your assignment, consider what type of business you’d like to study, whether you have access to sufficient resources, and how much time you have to do research and write.

Here are a few broad topic ideas to get you started:

  • Meeting customer needs
  • Building relationships with customers
  • Staying ahead of the competition
  • Creating a successful startup
  • Growing a company

With these broad topics in mind, you can then narrow your focus to a specific problem in a local business or perhaps a problem in a global industry.

For instance, you might write a case study about how the food court on campus needs to change its menus or restaurants to meet the needs of students. Or you might write about how to improve a struggling startup (perhaps comparing your idea to how a woman solved her own wardrobe concerns by creating Spanx and became a self-made billionaire).


Background information is a key part of your paper. You need to understand the company and its practices before you can propose solutions.

For example, you shouldn’t suggest that a used record store develop a social media presence as part of a new strategy to increase business if it already participates in a variety of social media platforms.

This type of error only highlights the fact that you didn’t do enough research about the company. Instead, you might make suggestions for how the store might improve its social media marketing.

In the simplest of terms, know something about the company before you start making suggestions.

Background information in your case study should include the following:

  • The history of the company
  • Facts about the case you’re writing about
  • A clear and concise discussion of the problem (including why the problem exists, how the problem impacts the company and its customers, and who caused the problem)
  • Any other pertinent information that will help demonstrate you’ve done your research

Solution and recommendations

In the solution section of your case study, identify what you believe to be the most feasible solution to the business problem.

The key word here is feasible.

Propose a solution that a company might actually be able to implement. Don’t, for example, suggest that Walmart greeters learn the names of everyone who walks through the door in an attempt to build relationships with customers.

It’s simply not possible. Instead, your solution might include ways in which greeters might be more personable.

In addition to proposing a solution, you’ll need to recommend how to implement the solution.

Let’s say you analyze a struggling local ice cream store and propose that it increases marketing by establishing a social media presence. It’s not enough to simply suggest that the store use social media.

You need to provide recommendations for how the store might develop its presence by doing things such as revamping its website, creating a Facebook page, and Tweeting.

Remember: Your solutions and recommendations section needs to be supported with evidence from sources.

How to Organize a Case Study

We all know that packing the perfect suitcase is an art form. It takes a lot of skill and practice to fit everything you need for a week into a carry-on. (But it’s oh-so-worth-it when you finally do!)

Writing a case study is no different. It takes a lot of skill and practice to research, write, and organize a well-written paper.

Here’s an important tip to help you organize all that information into one concise paper: divide the paper into sections by appropriate headings.

Here are the basic headings for a case study. (Remember to check your assignment guidelines to see the required headings for your paper.)

  • Abstract. An abstract is more or less a fancy way of writing a summary of your paper. To learn more about how to write one, read How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper.
  • Introduction. The introduction should be a brief paragraph that introduces the business and identifies the problem(s) you’ll be discussing. End the introduction with a clear, concise thesis statement that summarizes your proposed solution to the problem and your recommendations.
  • Background. The background section should explain more about the company and the problem you’re analyzing.
  • Solution. The solution section should discuss the most feasible solution(s) to the problem.
  • Recommendations. The recommendation section is a lot like the conclusion in a standard essay. It wraps up key ideas but does so by highlighting specific suggestions and strategies to implement your proposed solution.

And that’s how to write a case study, mostly… just a few final touches, then you’re ready to go.

The Final Touches

With all the components of your case study now in place, it’s important to give it a once (or twice) over to make sure you’ve remembered to do the following:

  • Watch your tone. Remember, you’re writing a formal, academic paper. The world of business writing is professional, concise, and formal. (Choose your words carefully. Leave out the slang, jargon, and flowery details.)
  • Cite in APA format.APA is generally the accepted citation style in business courses. (Unless your prof asks you to cite in another format, of course! You definitely want to listen to her, not me, in that case.)
  • Write in third person. Academic and business writing usually require you to write in third person. (Check with your prof to see what is expected.)

If you’re still not sure what a case study should look like, check out these examples (with annotations):

And here are more example business case studies written by other students.

Finally, don’t forget that we’re here to help you add the final touches to your paper and make sure it’s packed and ready to go!

Psst... 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.

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