1 Gozshura

Lsgh Assignment Discovery

Ambiguous gene names impose a serious hurdle for the analysis of a wide range of high-throughput data, such as microarray experiments or protein-interaction maps. This sort of ambiguity also limits the efficiency of genome analysis and annotation and slows the implementation of automatic text-mining systems for using bibliographic information [1,2]. While systems for automatic gene name recognition in other domains (such as in business or news reports) perform very well, the best systems in the biological field perform just slightly better than 80% [3].

Genes are commonly named using functional terms, such as 'insulin' or 'tumor necrosis factor', or symbols consisting of abbreviations such as INS for insulin or TNF for tumor necrosis factor. Functional names are usually unique, in the sense that a given name refers only to one gene family, even if not always to a single gene of the family. Ambiguity exists because often more than one functional name is used to refer to the same gene (synonymy), and also many functional names are descriptive of some phenotype of the gene (such as 'deafness' or 'wingless'), a practice that creates many complications [4]. The use of symbols should alleviate some of the problems created by the use of functional names, but in practice seems to produce even more ambiguities. In addition to extended synonymy (with many symbols describing the same gene), a given symbol can also be used to describe different genes (homonymy). Moreover, many other meanings can match the abbreviation used for the gene name (acronyms). Text-mining systems are severely limited by these factors, as ambiguities decrease the precision in the retrieval of correct articles, and synonyms limit the number of total retrieved articles.

These limitations potentially impair the effective application of text mining and natural language processing (NLP) techniques in genomics. For instance, the comparison of microarray data from different sources requires the exact mapping of the names used by different authors. This task can be greatly complicated by ambiguous names such as 'PAP', which can refer to five different human genes, and will therefore be impossible to classify in the absence of additional information. In this type of situation, valuable experimental information could be lost because of nomenclature problems that could be solved by the use of standard names.

Standard nomenclatures, strictly following naming guidelines, are the most obvious solution to the problem. Indeed, considerable community effort has gone into the creation of these standards for gene symbols in organisms such as yeast, mouse, fly, and, of course, human. An illustrative example is the valuable effort of HUGO nomenclature for human genes [5,6]. A single official symbol is proposed for every gene, and the aliases (alternative symbols, synonyms) for each gene are also listed. The obvious concern is the extent to which scientists follow these nomenclature rules. Other instances of standard nomenclatures, such as enzymatic codes (EC numbers), have been loosely followed.

We carried out a study to assess the relative success of HUGO guidelines by measuring the progress in the usage of official gene symbols in recent years. We analyzed PubMed abstracts for the period 1994-2004, collecting information regarding the mention of human gene symbols and the frequency with which official symbols were mentioned in comparison with their aliases. It is painfully obvious that the community has not widely adopted the HUGO guidelines. It is equally obvious that there is no clear tendency that this situating is improving, as the proportion of official symbols that are used predominantly has only increased slightly, from 35% in 1994 to 44% in 2004 (Figure ​1). Accordingly, a small decrease in the cases where the official name was not mentioned at all is observed (from 23% in 1994 to 14% in 2004). Despite this minor progress, it is still true that aliases are used more often than official symbols, and as many as 14% of genes are never mentioned using the recommended official symbols.

Figure 1

Usage of HUGO nomenclature in the past ten years. We analyzed PubMed abstracts for the period 1994-2004, collecting information about the human genes mentioned on the abstracts, and noting how such mention was made (official symbol or other aliases)....

A positive observation is that this small increment is in part due to new genes that are named preferentially according to the official standards. The genes mentioned for the first time after the year 2000 have a higher proportion of official symbols and a smaller number of synonyms (Figure ​1); however, it can still be argued that it is only a question of time for these genes to acquire new synonyms. Furthermore, highly referenced genes are cited notably more often by unofficial gene names. For example, in 2004, only 38% of genes cited in more than 50 articles were named predominantly by following HUGO, whereas scarcely cited genes more often followed the standards (54% in 2004).

The tendency to improve the situation by replacing aliases in favor of HUGO official symbols is, unfortunately, weak. The changes in name usage, either from official to aliases or from aliases to official, are not very frequent, and the nomenclature of most genes remains rather stable with time. These findings seem to confirm the intuition that researchers remain attached to their favorite names.

This trend is not species-dependent. For example, in yeast, where there is also a proposed standard nomenclature [7], there is not a tendency to replace aliases with official names (the usage of official names has remained approximately the same in recent years as in the past), even if in this community official names are used more often (85% of the genes are preferentially cited using official names).

Many of the occasional transitions are in fact produced after the publication of a prominent paper describing an important discovery regarding a gene, which usually produces a chain of subsequent studies that tend to use the new name. For instance, in the mid-1990s the gene for intestinal trefoil factor 3 was cited predominantly under the alias ITF. But since 1998, the official name TFF3 has been preferred, apparently influenced by a paper describing the regulation that the gene exerts on the expression of catenin and cadherin, with important consequences for epithelial cell adhesion, migration, and survival [8], which gave rise to the use of the symbol TFF3 for that gene. Therefore, it would appear that important scientific papers influence nomenclature usage even more than does the adoption of standards (Figure ​2a).

Figure 2

Plot of the evolution of the usage of different names. The plots show, for each year, the percentage usage of each of the names. (a) Intestinal trefoil factor 3 (official name, TFF3); (b) poliovirus receptor (official name, PVR); (c) lymphotactin (official...

A similar case is illustrated in Figure ​2b for the gene encoding the poliovirus receptor. In the mid-1990s, the only symbol used was PVR (which is today the official name for the gene). The alternative name CD155 for the protein appeared for the first time in 1997, but gained greater acceptance after the publication in the late nineties of several articles describing structural aspects of the CD155 protein [9] that are critical to the interaction with the virus (CD nomenclature for cell-surface proteins follows a long established standard nomenclature). These articles named the gene as CD155, and this has been the preferred name since then. In this case, HUGO nomenclature apparently did not take this fact into account, since the establishment of PVR as the official gene name took place in 2003.

Finally, Figure ​2c shows an interesting case of the persistence of several different names for one gene, that for the chemokine lymphotactin. The cloning of this gene was reported almost simultaneously by three independent groups in Japan, Germany and the USA in 1995 [10-12]. The three groups named the gene differently (SCM1, ATAC and LTN, respectively). These names have all been used since then, as well as LPTN and, lately, the official name XCL1. It is interesting to notice that the three groups reporting the discovery kept using their own names for the gene, at least until very recently, a trend that can be observed also in the previous examples.

The problem of linking names in texts with the molecules they refer to can only be solved by a concerted community effort to explicitly mention the official names and/or the corresponding database accession numbers (such as these of UniProt or Refseq for proteins, and GenBank for genes). The use of accession numbers has the advantage of providing a unique and unambiguous reference that is also a direct link to the real biological object. But it does have some drawbacks. Citing accession numbers instead of gene or protein names would seriously affect the clarity and readability of the text. From this point of view, names and accession numbers must coexist. This could be done, for instance, by citing only names in the main text, and including accession numbers for the protein or gene names used in the text in a separate section. Also, our experience is that mapping between different databases is not exempt from problems. For instance, a single nucleotide sequence often has several different entries, corresponding to splice variants, polymorphisms or regions of the genome. Also, for these references to be really useful, they would have to cover all the mentions of genes including anaphoric (the use of a linguistic unit, such as the pronoun 'it' to refer to a previous mention of the name) and other forms of implicit mentions, and to take into account the difference between individual genes and proteins and general protein names referring to, for instance, protein familes (that is, 'tubulin beta1 protein' can be assigned to a well defined molecule, but 'tubulin' cannot, since it can refer to several different molecules). It would be important to develop adequate tools to facilitate the introduction of names and identifiers at the time of writing papers, and to enable the posterior recovery by both humans and software tools.

The task of tagging genes and proteins in papers with the corresponding official names and/or database entries will require the collaboration of authors, journals and grant agencies, and could be facilitated by the development of adequate text-mining methods.

Acknowledgements

J.T. developed the gene name recognition system Text Detective as part of his work at BioAlma SL (Tres Cantos, Madrid, Spain). This work was partly supported by research grants ENFIN LSGH-CT-2005-518254 (VI Framework Programme, European Comission), ESPAÑOL BIO2004-00875 (Spanish Ministry of Education and Science), and Fundación BBVA.

References

  • Petsko GA. What's in a name? Genome Biol. 2002;3:comment1005.1–1005.2. doi: 10.1186/gb-2002-3-4-comment1005.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]
  • Dickman S. Tough mining: the challenges of searching the scientific literature. PLoS Biol. 2003;1:e48. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0000048.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]
  • Yeh A, Morgan A, Colosimo M, Hirschman L. BioCreAtIvE task 1A: gene mention finding evaluation. BMC Bioinformatics. 2005;6(Suppl 1):S2. doi: 10.1186/1471-2105-6-S1-S2.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]
  • Chen L, Liu H, Friedman C. Gene name ambiguity of eukaryotic nomenclatures. Bioinformatics. 2005;21:248–256. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/bth496.[PubMed][Cross Ref]
  • Wain HM, Lush M, Ducluzeau F, Povey S. Genew: the human nomenclature database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002;30:169–171. doi: 10.1093/nar/30.1.169.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]
  • HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee http://www.gene.ucl.ac.uk/nomenclature
  • Saccharomyces Genome Database (SGD) http://www.yeastgenome.org
  • Efstathiou JA, Noda M, Rowan A, Dixon C, Chinery R, Jawhari A, Hattori T, Wright NA, Bodmer WF, Pignatelli M. Intestinal trefoil factor controls the expression of the adenomatous polyposis coli-catenin and the E-cadherin-catenin complexes in human colon carcinoma cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1998;95:3122–3127. doi: 10.1073/pnas.95.6.3122.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]
  • Gromeier M, Bossert B, Arita M, Nomoto A, Wimmer E. Dual stem loops within the poliovirus internal ribosomal entry site control neurovirulence. J Virol. 1999;73:958–964.[PMC free article][PubMed]
  • Yoshida T, Imai T, Kakizaki M, Nishimura M, Yoshie O. Molecular cloning of a novel C or gamma type chemokine, SCM-1. FEBS Lett. 1995;360:155–159. doi: 10.1016/0014-5793(95)00093-O.[PubMed][Cross Ref]
  • Muller S, Dorner B, Korthauer U, Mages HW, D'Apuzzo M, Senger G, Kroczek RA. Cloning of ATAC, an activation-induced, chemokine-related molecule exclusively expressed in CD8+ T lymphocytes. Eur J Immunol. 1995;25:1744–1748.[PubMed]
  • Kennedy J, Kelner GS, Kleyensteuber S, Schall TJ, Weiss MC, Yssel H, Schneider PV, Cocks BG, Bacon KB, Zlotnik A. Molecular cloning and functional characterization of human lymphotactin. J Immunol. 1995;155:203–209.[PubMed]
  • Tamames J. Text Detective: a rule-based system for gene annotation in biomedical texts. BMC Bioinformatics. 2005;6(Suppl 1):S10. doi: 10.1186/1471-2105-6-S1-S10.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]
  • Hoffmann R, Valencia A. A gene network for navigating the literature. Nat Genet. 2004;36:664. doi: 10.1038/ng0704-664.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

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Coordinates: 14°35′49″N121°03′19″E 14.5969639, 121.0553556

La Salle Green Hills

One of the eighteen (18) De La Salle campuses of De La Salle Philippines, Inc. http://www.delasalle.ph

History & Memorable Moments

  • 1956
    • In 1956, the De La Salle Brothers of then De La Salle College Manila acquired a 6-hectare piece of land in the then undeveloped Green Hills area in Mandaluyong. The late Brother U. Alphonsus Bloemen FSC reminisced in The Green Hills Ranger (Volume III / Number 4 / April 1964): "Rev. Brother H. Gabriel Connon FSC, the then Auxiliary Visitor shouldered the responsibility of forming the policy of the operation and establishing the Brothers' schools between 1950 and 1962. He foresaw the urgent need of another La Salle campus somewhere close to the new Subdivisions of the Ortigas Co. and a lot of six hectares was obtained in 1955(?) for the purpose. Construction was started on the buildings which were ready for the opening of the school year 1957-58(?)." Former La Salle Green Hills Principal Brother Dominic (Aquinas) Berardelli FSC remembers [Sept. 4, 2007 11:31 PM]: "The Brothers purchased on 5 hectares and the owners-De La Salle Alumni Don Francisco Ortigas Jr. and Rafael Ortigas Sr. gave us one additional hectare for free as a thank you! I felt the De La Salle Brothers should have 'demanded' the entire land (and even more hectares) for FREE since, once the sign 'future site of La Salle School' went into the ground the property values for the nearby land sky rocketed. At that time there was nothing there but empty fields and cogon grass and our closest neighbor was the army Camp Crame nearby."
    • In July 1959, La Salle Green Hills opened its doors to two preparatory sections and one section each for grades one and two. "In 1959 the enrollment started with Prep, Grade One and Grade Two. The total number was a mere 178 boys taught by six teachers under the direction of Brother U. Alphonsus FSC who had some thirty years of previous classroom experience in De La Salle College Manila and other La Salle schools in Germany and Asia. Then we were just another small school somewhere in the deserted, streetless, uninhabited (except by herds of carabaos) rolling hills near the then hardly used Highway 54. In the distance we could see our nearest neighbors the Army Camps, Camp Murphy and Camp Crame. A short two years later, cemented roads were being laid out. Gilmore Avenue became passable and the students identified themselves as the Rangers of Green Hills." [from The Green Hills Ranger (Volume III / Number 4 / April 1964)] (Note: La Salle Green Hills is the fourth oldest De La Salle campus in the Philippines, after the original De La Salle University in Manila [1911] , University of St. La Salle in Bacolod [1952], and the La Salle Academy in Iligan [1958].)
    • In 1959, the National Shrine of the Divine Child was inaugurated.
  • 1960
    • On August 24, 1960, La Salle Green Hills, Inc. was registered as a non-stock, non-profit corporation with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
    • On December 4, 1960, "the student body transferred from the Central House and occupied the first unit of the actual future school plant." [from The Green Hills Ranger (Volume III / Number 4 / April 1964)]
    • On December 8, 1960, the very first First Holy Communion services were held.
    • In 1962, Brother Rafael Donato FSC organized the La Salle Green Hills Band under the baton of Mr. Undag. After Br Rafe's departure for the U.S. for further studies, (former Brother Cornelius FSC) Peter Tejada took over as Brother moderator of the band with Mr. Avelino Mejico (of the La Salle Taft Band) as band conductor and Felix "Cliff" Peronilla Jr. [LSGH68/PR1MUS] as band officer.
    • In 1962, the first La Salle Green Hills Rangers Football Team, coached by Brother Samuel Bueser FSC, joined the BOFA (Boys' Football Association). Some members of the team were Jojun Abreu, Jet Agana, Sery La Rosa, Chuck Laurel, Diosdado "Boboy" Macapagal Jr., Rody Reyes, Johnny Sun and Jaime Ugarte.
    • In the March 1964 issue [Volume IV / Number 5 / Page 5] of the (DLSC Manila) Junior Archer Magazine was an article entitled "Commencement Exercises" that read: "For the first and the last time in the history of the De La Salle Grade School Department, two commencement exercises will be held on April 23, 1964 at three-thirty and at five-thirty in the afternoon at the Brother Athanasius Memorial Hall of De La Salle College Manila with Rev. Brother Malachy, FSC and Brother Bertin, FSC, as commencement speakers. The first commencement exercises at 3:30 will be the graduation of the 182 grade six students who will take the first of five years of the new De la Salle High School curriculum in La Salle Green Hills." In the same issue was this article entitled "New School Curriculum." It read: "The new five-year high school development program of De La Salle will take effect next school-year, 1964-1965. Starting next school year all elementary graduates from La Salle Taft will take up their high school studies in La Salle Green Hills, Mandaluyong, Rizal. The grade seven graduates this year will be the last group that will be taken in the High School department of De La Salle College Manila."
  • 1964
    • On April 23, 1964, thirty-six (36) students received their diplomas during the very first Grade School Graduation Ceremonies in La Salle Green Hills. The graduation speaker was President Diosdado Macapagal.
    • In the April 1964 issue [Volume III / Number 4] of The Green Hills Ranger was this article entitled "The Five-Year High School Plan." It read: "There is need to change the high school curriculum of De La Salle College to gear it to the needs of the time. Such a change would involve the adoption of programs in science and mathematics which are in keeping with the modern rends wothout sacrificing the language arts and the social sciences. To effect this change without envisioning a five-year secondary program is to overburden the student who at present has far too many subjects to handle in the secondary curriculum. For this reason the Christian Brothers will put into effect in August, 1964, a five-year school plan keyed to the national effort towards industrialization. [Official documents on when and why LSGH decided to go back to a four-year high school are still to be found.]
    • In August 1964, the La Salle Green Hills High School was established. There were five (5) Freshmen High School sections (111 to 115), a combination of one class from grade school graduates of LSGH and four (4) sections (A to D) from the grade school graduates of La Salle Taft plus enrollees from other schools. The Class Advisers were Mr. Sergio Isberto (111), Br B Cornelius FSC (112), Mr. John Fontillas (113), Mr. Manuel H. Mateos (114) and Mr. Daniel Domingo (115). The six (6) Brothers on campus were Br U. Alphonsus FSC (Director), Br D. Aquinas FSC [now Berardelli] (Assistant Principal, High School), Br V. Felix FSC, Br Dominic FSC, (former) Br B. Cornelius FSC and (former) Br Samuel Bueser FSC.
    • In October 1964, the very first La Salle Green Hills Cheering Squad "composed of 16 vigorous Freshmen from the High School Department" was organized, led by Jose Salces. "Mr. Bartolome ... taught and practiced them how to lead the cheers. The cheer-leaders sport(ed) a green and white t-shirt when rooting in the games."
    • On October 30, 1964, the first inter-section elimination in Declamation for grades six and seven was held. Awards were given to Frederick Bautista (first place), Federico Borromeo (second) and Mario Ghezzi (third), all from Grade Seven Class. The members of the board of judges were Br Andrew FSC, Br Felix FSC and Mr. Domingo.
    • On November 20, 1964, the first inter-section declamation contest for the High School Department was held. The winners were: Ramon Rivero, first place for his magnificent interpretation of "Creation" by James Weldon Johnson; Jose Salces, second place, for his dramatic portrayal of Judas in despair; and Vicente Campa for his very convincing rendition of "The Man With The Hoe."
    • On November 23, 1964, the "Freshmen and Grade Six and Seven students ... transferred to the new (High School Building)."
    • From November 27 to 28, three La Salle Green Hills High School students represented the school in the inter-La Salle Speech Festival held in La Salle Bacolod. All three came home with a medal. Hilarion "Ronnie" Henares III was awarded the gold medal for his interpretation of two excerpts from Shakespeare's King Lear and Hamlet. Luis Stuart received a bronze medal for his dramatic rendition of a Thurber story, "The Night the Bed Fell"; while Richard Scheerer won third place for his "The Priceless Gift" speech in the oratorical contest.
    • In 1964, the La Salle Green Hills Science Club was formed with Brother Samuel Bueser FSC as moderator. Officers were Demetrio "Bong" Santos (President), Jose "Pepot" Hernandez (Vice-President) and Ramon "Bambi" Del Rosario (Secretary).
    • From 1964 to 1967, the La Salle Green Hills Rangers Basketball Team played in the AAL. [(Former Br Cornelius) Peter Tejada remembers [Sep 10, 2007 3:36 PM]: "(I)t was (called) Archdiocesan Athletic League because it was among select schools in the Archdiocese."] The coaches were (former Br Cornelius) Peter Tejada [SY 1965-1965]; Bart Tolentino [SY 1965-1966]; and Tony Esclabanan [SY 1966-1967]. Former team member Jay Gervasio remembers [Sep 4, 2007 10:33 AM]: "Our games were quite few. I recall playing against Xavier, Lourdes, Letran, San Sebastian..."
    • For School Year 1964-1965, "Mr. Bart Tolentino handled theLa Salle Green Hills Midget Basketball Team. After hard and persistent training, the Midgets went on to win the championship of the South Division dethroning De La Salle College which held the championship since the founding of the AAL. In the championship round the Midgets settled for third place behind Xavier and San Beda." [from The Green Hills Ranger (Volume IV/ Number 4 / May 1965)]
    • In the summer of 1966, the first La Salle Green Hills Cadet Officers Candidate School [COCS] was conducted by Francisco "Kit" Sanz [former Corps Commander of the Preparatory Naval Training (PNT), De La Salle College Manila) with technical consultant Master Sergeant Saldana of the Philippine Marines. The training was capped by a Commissioning Ball (theme song was Chad & Jeremy's "A Summer Song") at the Valley Golf Clubhouse, Antipolo in May 1966. The first Corps Commander was Jay Gervasio [LSGH68/PR1MUS]; and the first Model Company Commander was Ramon "Tito" Sarmiento [LSGH68/PR1MUS].
  • 1966
    • In 1966, The Strangers and Comrades, a Junior folk-singing group (composed of LSGH68/PR1MUS), won the second prize trophy in the Boys Hi-SCA Folk Singing Competition held at the University of Santo Tomas. Vic Santiago remembers [Sep 9, 2007 9:48 PM]: "The group was made up of Louie Stuart (leader...we practiced in his house in Samat St, Mandaluyong most of the time ), Cid Bengzon, Quito Jaraiz (guitar), Tito Merlo, Alan Dakay, Vic Santiago (guitar)... the songs we sung were 'Scarborough Fair' and 'Because All Men Are Brothers,' (a) great song by Peter, Paul, and Mary that had counterpoint voicings, and kinda difficult guitar plucking." La Salle Taft and Letran won the first and third prizes, respectively.
    • In 1966, the first La Salle Green Hills - Ateneo High School dual meet was held. Mon Dolor [LSGH69/SEGUNDUS] remembers [Sep 9, 2007 6:28 PM]: " What about the 2nd La Salle-Ateneo High School Sports Meet that we hosted in 1968? The Meet was intended to be an annual event (with venues alternating between Loyola and Green Hills) that would foster goodwill between the 2 schools. Anyone care to guess how the first two meets ended?" Tony Atayde [LSGH70/TERTIUS] remembers [Sep 8, 2007 9:22 PM]: "In 1969, the dual meets were cancelled due to unruly behavior from both sides."
    • In 1966, La Salle Green Hills held its first school wide marathon. The inaugural event was won by Francis "Skippy" Urtula [LSGH70/TERTIUS]. It became an annual event after that.
    • In 1966, the very first La Salle Green Hills school fair called "The World's Unfair" (a wordplay on "The World's Fair") was held. Mon Dolor [LSGH69/SEGUNDUS] remembers [Sep 9, 2007 6:28 PM]: "For some reason, the school decided not to have a school fair the following year... Trivia: 1967 was also the year when a song by the Association, ironically titled 'No Fair At All,' was being played in practically all of Greater Manila's pop radio statons."
    • In 1966, the very first La Salle Green Hills Student Council was established. Its first president was Jose "Josy" Salces [LSGH68/PR1MUS] who's now based in Madrid, Spain practicing law.
    • In 1966, The Lazette (a portmanteau of "La Salle" and "Gazette"), the first LSGH high school newspaper, was published and moderated by Brother Rafael Donato FSC. (Its first editor-in-chief, Enrique Y. Teehankee [LSGH68/PR1MUS], topped the Philippine Bar Examination in 1976, probably the very first LSGH alumnus to do so.) In the December 20, 1966 issue of The Lazette [Volume I Number 4], the editorial box lists the following members of the "Board of Editors": Cliff Peronilla Jr. [Associate Editor]; Mike Enriquez [Managing Editor]; Joey Hernandez [Sports]; Paul Pascal and Popoy Diokno [Photography]; Jay Gervasio and Adie Pena [Art]; Ronnie Henares [Features]; and Alan Dakay, Dick Scheerer and George Bocobo [Contributing Editors], all from LSGH68/PR1MUS.
    • On December 3, 1966, LSH High School sophomore Hilarion "Ronnie" Henares III [LSGH68/PR1MUS] won the 14th National Voice Of Democracy, an oratorical competition, at the Phil-Am Life Auditoriumin Manila with a speech entitled "To Be Free." The competition was judged by former Lady Ambassador Trinidad Legarda, Senator Jovito Salonga, and Mr. Celso Carunungan. "Ronnie Henares, with the able proctoring of drama director Mr. Jose Gamboa and Brother Rafael Donato FSC, English Department head, brisked through the district eliminations and regional finals where he met with the conqueror of La Salle Taft, the Malate representative." To celebrate his triumph, La Salle Green Hills honored Ronnie on December 7, 1966 with a "brief but warm program ... graced with the presence of school dignitaries, Jaycee officials and other guests." (According to Ronnie Henares himself [Sep 4, 2007 11:33 PM]: "I was the first and only LSGH High School student to win that contest as far as I know.")
    • On December 12, 1966, Xanadu, LSGH's first literary magazine, came off the press. It was edited by Luis Stuart, Jose Mari Leuterio and Richard Scheerer, all from LSGH68/PR1MUS.
    • In the summer of 1967, the first "combined" (i.e., with High School players from LSGH-High School and DLSC Manila High School) NCAA La Salle Junior Basketball Team was formed. The twelve (12)members from LSGH were (Co-Captain) Jay Gervasio [LSGH68/PR1MUS], Miguel Bilbao [LSGH68/PR1MUS], Raffy Rillo [LSGH68/PR1MUS], Santi Torroba [LSGH68/PR1MUS], Joey Hernandez [LSGH68/PR1MUS], Tito Pronstroller [LSGH68/PR1MUS], Rody Reyes [LSGH68/PR1MUS], Lito Tanjuatco [LSGH68/PR1MUS], Bobby Yatco [LSGH68/PR1MUS], Nonong Santillan [LSGH69/SEGUNDUS], Butch Araneta [LSGH69/SEGUNDUS] and Rene Policarpio [LSGH70/TERTIUS]. The remaining three slots were filled in by members from DLSC Manila High School -- (Captain) Ambie Santos, Chema Jordana and Vic Rothenberg. Coach was Licerio "Jun" Alicante, Jr. (former DLSC seniors basketball team captain); Sports Moderator was Brother Samuel Bueser FSC; and the two Team Managers were Butch Villaruz [LSGH68/PR1MUS] and Greg del Rosario [DLSC Manila]. Former team member Lito Tanjuatco remembers [Tuesday, September 4, 2007 3:34:01 PM]: "(T)he St. Benilde gym was not yet built at that time. As such, we were practicing in the cement courts and as Jay (Gervasio) would recall we all had a good tan and had the darkest complexion in the whole NCAA. Later on we would have Friday practices at De La Salle College in Manila, the now demolished Brother Athanasius Memorial Gym. That required all of us travelling from LSGH (immediately after our 2:35 dismissal) to practice in De La Salle Taft at 3:30 or 4:00."
    • In 1967, the construction of a dome-shaped structure in the school grounds began. (The St. Benilde Hall was completed in 1969. Nicknamed "siopao" by the students then, the gym/cafeteria has become the most recognizable building in the campus.)
    • On February 18, 1967, the first ever La Salle Green Hills Juniors' Prom, chaired by George Lim [LSGH68/PR1MUS], was held at the Sulo Restaurant (in front of the old Coronado Bowling Lanes), Makati Commercial Center. Live music was provided by the original Moonstrucks featuring Toto Ealdama.
    • In 1967, the La Salle Green Hills "Mathematics Department announced the birth of an Honor Society in the school -- the Math Club. Membership (was) limited to those with a final average in Math of 87% and above." Appointed chairman was Jay Gervasio [LSGH68/PR1MUS] with Louie Stuart [LSGH68/PR1MUS] as secretary. [from March 31, 1967 issue of The Lazette [Volume I, Number 7]
    • School Year 1967-1968 was the first year that La Salle Green Hills had a complete high school, from first to fourth year.
    • In August 1967, the first La Salle Green Hills Seniors' Smoking Lounge, located at a makeshift loft in the covered area (now known as FMAC), opened. Seniors were required to present a one-time written permit from their parents in order to enter the lounge.
    • In February 1968, the first ever La Salle Green Hills Junior-Senior Prom (attended by LSGH69/SEGUNDUS and LSGH68/PR1MUS) was held at the Plaza Restaurant, Makati Commercial Center.
    • In March 1968, the first ever La Salle Green Hills Graduation Ball was held at the then brand new Manila Hilton along United Nations Avenue. Live music was provided by The Hi-Jacks and The End.
    • From March 26 to 31, 1968, CUE, the high school drama guild, presented its first production, "The Fantasticks," directed by Brother Rafe Donato FSC. The cast was composed of George Reith [the mute], Mike Enriquez [Hucklebee, the boy's father], Louie Stuart [Bellomy, the girl's father], Susan Jardiolin [Luisa, the girl], Joseph Borgaily [Matt, the boy], Johnel Teopaco [El Gallo, the narrator/bandit], Richard Scheerer/Gerry Abella [Henry, the old actor] and Sixto Flores [Mortimer, the man who dies].
    • On April 25, 1968, LSGH68/PR1MUS, the first high school class, graduated from La Salle Green Hills. The ceremonies were held at the La Salle Green Hills Football Field and the commencement address was given by Sen. Benigno S. Aquino Jr. Brother Justin Lucian FSC (then the Brother Provincial) handled the "Awarding of Honors" [Luis Stuart and Johnel Teopaco were valedictorian and salutatorian, respectively]; while Brother Thomas Cannon FSC handed out the diplomas signed by Brother Hugh Damian FSC (LSGH High School Principal), Mr. Alfonso Villanueva (Assistant Principal) and Brother Thomas Cannon FSC (LSGH President).
    • In 1968, SCOPE, the first La Salle Green Hills high school annual was published. Featuring pencil sketches (instead of the standard B&W photographs) of the 188 graduating seniors and a 45 RPM vinyl disc containing original songs, the four-volume edition encased in a black slipbox was conceptualized by Brother Rafe Donato FSC. Dated April 25, 1968, First Lady Imelda Romualdez Marcos wrote in the preface of the annual: "Best wishes to the first graduates of the High School Department of La Salle Green Hills!"
    • In 1968, the La Salle Green Hills Greenies (formerly La Salle Green Hills Rangers) entered the NCAA as the official Junior (High School) Reps of then De La Salle College Manila, taking over the slot of the latter's phased out High School) phased out after the 1967-68 schoolyear). Some notable past members of the basketball team are Mike Bilbao [LSGH68/PR1MUS], Jay Gervasio [LSGH68/PR1MUS], Celso Villegas [LSGH69/SEGUNDUS], Tony Atayde [LSGH70/TERTIUS] and Virgil Villavicencio [LSGH71/QUARTUS].
    • In 1968, the AAL was abolished and replaced by the Catholic Schools' Athletic League (CSAL). La Salle Green Hills won its first ever basketball championship in that inaugural year. Some members of that team included (noted 700 Club host) Pete Kairuz, Tony Atayde, Doy Liwag, Dave David, Raffy Ilagan, Roland Raymundo, Freddie Herrera, Ricky Alberto, Chit Enriquez and Tony Villar. The team was coached by Mr. Freddie Gonzalez.
    • School Year 1968-1969 was the first year classes were held at Benilde Gym. LSGH69/SEGUNDUS was the first batch to hold their graduation exercises at the said facility. All graduation ceremonies have been held there ever since. [from Mon Dolor, Sep 9, 2007 8:11 PM]
    • During School Year 1969-70, the La Salle Green Hills Camera Club was launched. It held its first competition and had professionals Clifford Plan and Franco Patriarca as judges. Most of the top prizes were won by Aniano Arao [LSGH70/TERTIUS].
    • During School Year 1969-70, the Pilipino literary magazine called Habagat was launched. Also organized that same year was Samahang Pilipino, which produced plays in Pilipino. The first Pilipino play presented at La Salle Green Hills was "Florante at Laura" in 1970. The play was spearheaded by Mr. Horacio Cebrero.
    • During School Year 1969-70, the La Salle Green Hills Forensic Guild was set set up to assist the school in the Inter-La Salle Speechfest. In a national debating competition hosted by the Jaycees, Johnny Valdes [LSGH70/TERTIUS] and Atom Henares took the top honors.
    • The 1969-70 NCAA basketball season saw the first and only time that La Salle Green Hills had female cheerleaders. They were Peggy Monserrat and Mousie McClure from Maryknoll, Mitos Casal from Dominican College, Maripaz Casal from UST and Bella Maglaya from St. Theresa's College.
  • 1970
    • In 1970, Brother Rafael Donato FSC became the first Filipino President of La Salle Green Hills. His first term ran from 1970 to 1973; and his second from 1986 to 1991.
    • In 1970, the first mass student rally was held at La Salle Green Hills after Brother Samuel Bueser FSC was arrested. Majority of the high school population walked out of class and marched to Camp Crame to protest the arrest.
    • In 1971, Brother Roly Dizon FSC formed The Christian Troubadours, the forerunner of Kundirana [its name is a portmanteau of "Kundiman" and "Harana," coined in 1972 by (former Brother) Mike Rapatan]. In 1985 and 1986, the Kundirana was "nationally honored (with) the Aliw Award as Best Cultural Group." In August 2007, the Benigno S. Aquino Jr. Award (a "biennial citation conferred on individuals or organizations who serve as living models of nationalism for the youth") was given to "Kundirana, an all-male singing group of high school students from the La Salle Green Hills, whose performances here and abroad include charity shows for the sick and elderly." Tenor Ramon "Montet" Acoymo [LSGH GS'71 & LSGH HS'75], the dean of the University of the Philippines School of Music, has been the artistic director-vocal coach for the past 30 years." "Kundirana has performed far and wide and for people from all walks of life, including Pope John Paul II and Mother Teresa."
    • "From the years 1985 to 1995, the High School Split Schedule System of having 30-minute class periods was adopted wherein 1st and 2nd year started at 7:15am and ended 12:15pm; while the 3rd and 4th years started 12:30 - 5:30pm. Fridays were shortened periods of 15 minutes per class. But each student was encouraged to join more extra-curricular activities. This was initiated to address the lack of high school classroom space of LSGH or to segregate the radical influence of the 3rd and 4th year from the 1st and 2nd year." [from Benjie Uichico, Sep 9, 2007 9:12 PM]
    • In 1972, La Salle Green Hills won its first NCAA Junior General Championship "wherein we won the Football, Volleyball and Track and Field Championships." [from LSGH HS'72 Bobby Cabral, Sep 10, 2007 7:04 AM]
    • From November 21 to 22, 1973, the first formal accreditation of the LSGH High School Department by the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities [PAASCU] took place. (After receiving a series of 3- and 5-year accreditation grants through the years, LSGH received an unprecedented 7-year grant in 1998, the first and only high school institution to receive such. After the last PAASCU visit in September 2005, the High School of La Salle Green Hills was given another 5-year grant.)
    • On May 15, 1977, Brother Raffy Reyes FSC [LSGH69/SEGUNDUS] took his final vows, making him the first LSGH alumnus to become a Brother. Br Raffy is now assigned to La Salle University-Ozamiz as Principal of the Integrated School. (Br Raffy's habit-taking was on May 15, 1971.)
    • During School Year 1977-1978, the (in)famous rumble in Green Hills versus Ateneo occurred. LSGH78 Henry Atayde remembers [Sep 8, 2007 10:20 PM]: "Cars were over-turned and scores of people were hurt." LSGH79 Joey de Castro, a member of the LSGH NCAA Volleyball Team '76-'79, reminisces [Sep 13, 2007 10:35 PM]: "It was the last last game of the elimination round (of the NCAA Volleyball) with LSGH and Ateneo both having identical 6-0 win/loss slates. We lost that one in 3 sets. Then the rumble happened at the Ortigas parking lot. Most of the damaged cars had Ateneo stickers on them. I remember my batch mate, Rico Camus, was a photographer for the Lazette. He took snapshots of the event which were later sequestered by Bro.Gus and used as evidence for disciplinary action against those who participated. Rico skipped class for a week as he was 'wanted' by the 'warfreaks' (as they were called then). LSGH and Ateneo eventually met for the championship but it was Ateneo that was twice to beat. We accomplished that! The score of the 2nd game was 15-13 / 15-13. The games were never 'closed door' but I remember that a dog (yes, a dog) entered the volleyball court on La Salle's side yet the ref didn't hold play. How that dog got in St Benilde's Gym in the first place is one for Ripley's." LSGH79 Bong Africa remembers [Sep 13, 2007 6:56 PM]: "The only closed door I remember was when the then 4th year guys (batch 78) closed the gate along gate 9 thereby trapping some of the Ateneans hehehe... Also, I remember it was a Saturday and for some 'unknown' reason, attendance for the CAT training was almost perfect for that particular day. And funny thing was, instead of 'falling in' at the football field, they were all lined up at the corridor leading from the gym to Ortigas gate 9. Traffic along Ortigas was stopped for a moment as scores were seen chasing each other all the way till Unimart. The Monday after, the 3rd and 4th year students were all called into the auditorium by Bro. Gus Boquer FSC. I just don't remember anyone getting sanctioned for that rumble. Makes me wonder, with Rico's pictures and all, did anyone really admit participation to Bro. Gus?"
    • In 1978, Brother Roly Dizon FSC organized the La Salle Green Hills Alumni Association with Ricky Sanchez [LSGH69/SEGUNDUS] as President.
    • In 1979, the Adult Night High School, which offers free Lasallian education to disadvantaged Filipinos, was established.
    • On October 28, 1979, UNO, the very first La Salle Green Hills Alumni Homecoming was held.
    • During the 1984 (as well as the 1986) elections, the Operations Quick Count of the National Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL), which helped restore constitutional democracy in our country, was held in the St. Benilde Hall of La Salle Green Hills. (Since then, it has been used every six years for presidential election ballot counting by the NAMFREL.)
    • In 1995, the High School transferred to a building named in honor of Br Mutien-Marie FSC.
  • 1997
    • On April 1, 1997, Brother Bernie S Oca FSC [DLSC GS'67, LSGH HS'71/QUARTUS, DLSC AB'74] became President of La Salle Green Hills, the first LSGH alumnus to do so. His term ran from 1997 to 2006.
    • On August 25, 1997, the five floors of the St Mutien-Marie Building (consisting of classrooms, offices, multi-purpose rooms, work areas, cybersphere and reading area) were dedicated to the pioneer Brothers in La Salle Green Hills, namely: Br Alphonsus Bloemen FSC for the ground floor, Br Francis Cody FSC for the second floor, Br Denis Ruhland FSC for the third floor, Br Hugh Damian Wester FSC for the fourth floor, Br Mel Bock FSC for the fifth floor, Br Peter Graves FSC for the Reading Area, Br Vernon Poore FSC for the Science Laboratories.
    • On September 11, 1998, named in honor of the late Father Francisco Martinez (La Salle Green Hills chaplain for several years), the Father Martinez Activity Center (FMAC), a multi-purpose gym equipped with one full basketball court, two convertible courts, wall climbing, Taekwondo and a weight room, was inaugurated.
    • In 2001, the Cesar A. Cruz Study Hall, dedicated to the memory of the late former High School Assistant Principal, was constructed and attached to the St. Benilde Hall.
    • In 2004, the St. Joseph's Auditorium underwent a complete renovation and was renamed as the St. Joseph's Theater.
    • On February 7, 2004, the La Salle Green Hills Alumni Association celebrated its 25th Alumni Homecoming. Video
    • On April 1, 2004, Brother Edmundo L. Fernandez FSC [LSGH HS'81] became the first LSGH alumnus to become Provincial of the De La Salle Brothers Philippines. He is now on his second consecutive term.
    • On March 18, 2007, the St. Joseph's Theater was re-dedicated as the Brother Rafael S. Donato FSC Center for the Performing Arts (Br. Donato Center) in honor of the late De La Salle Brother. Re-dedication Video
  • 2009
    • On June 8, 2009, La Salle Green Hills will be celebrating her Golden Anniversary. LSGH50 Video
  • Overview, Photographs, & Video Links
    • Brothers Tribute Video This video is dedicated to the 95 De La Salle Christian Brothers who have served at La Salle Green Hills since 1959.

Alumni

  • Animo Magazine
    • Animo Magazine is a glossy lifestyle magazine for, by and about La Salle. Subscription for 8 issues is only P700.00. That's 7 issues plus 1 free. (Additional charge for postage outside Metro Manila is P240.00 for GMA/Luzon and P320.00 for Visayas/ Mindanao and outside the Philippines. Should you have any questions, suggestions or comments, please feel free to call 0917-8252782, 530-1725, 522-2354, 525-2839.
  • Benefits of Joining Alumni Association
  • Mailing List Directory
    • Visit Yahoo Groups for over 200 LSGH groups.
      • LSGH Manos - This is a communication link for all bonafide La Salle Green Hills alumni in support of La Salle Green Hills, the Alumni Association and the Alumni Consultative Council (the progeny of the Council Of Advisers.)
      • LSGH68/PR1MUS is the e-group of the very first high school graduates of La Salle Green Hills.
      • This site is for the class of 1993 http://groups.yahoo.com/group/lsgh93/ a lively bunch of students that once occupied the old HS Quadrangle and saw the development of the Robinson's Galleria and the EDSA Shangrila area.
  • Chapters
  • Alumni in the News
    • Radio and TV newscaster Miguel "Mike" Castro Enriquez [1968/PR1MUS]
    • (Ret.) Lt. Gen. Alan D. Cabalquinto [1968/PR1MUS]
    • Four (4) LSGH alumni -- Mike Enriquez (1968), Gerry Ablaza (1971), Paeng Nepomuceno (197?) and Gary Valenciano (1982) -- in Green Card TV commercial.
    • Jazz musicians/LSGH alumni [1977] Mel Villena (soprano sax and vocals), [1979] Joey Quirino (piano) and [1979] Meong Pacana (bass) jam for a cause, the One La Salle Scholarship Fund. Watch video here.
  • Brothers (Where are they today?)
    • Amisola, Br Dante - President, La Salle College Antipolo
    • Berardelli, Br Dominic [a.k.a. Br Aquinas] - St. Mary's, California
    • Bloemen, Alphonsus Br [Deceased]
    • Bock, Br Mel [Deceased]
    • Boquer, Br Gus - President, De La Salle - Health Sciences Campus and De La Salle University - Dasmarinas
    • Bueser, Samuel [formerly Br Samuel] - Mayor of Alaminos, Laguna
    • Casingal, Br Bobby - (Acting) Dean, De La Salle Araneta University
    • Castiglioni, Br Leon [Deceased]
    • Corrales, Joseph [former Br] - U.S.
    • Dacanay, Br Mario - De La Salle University - Dasmarinas (Note: Watch Br Mario and other Brothers in this video.)
    • Diamond, Br Kevin ?
    • Dizon, Br Roly - Bethlehem University
    • Donato, Br Rafe [Deceased]
    • Dujunco, Br Mandy - Jaime Hilario Integrated School - La Salle
    • Fernandez, Br Dodo - Brother Provincial (Note: Watch Br Dodo in this documentary on Jaime Hilario Integrated School - La Salle.)
    • Franco, Br Vic - Auxiliary Provincial; President, De La Salle - College of Saint Benilde
    • Laguda, Br Ricky - President, De La Salle Araneta University; President, Jaime Hilario Integrated School - La Salle (Note: Watch Br Ricky and other Brothers in this video.)
    • Lopez, Br Arian - University of St. La Salle
    • Martinez, Br Joaquin "Kenneth" - President, De La Salle-Canlubang
    • Masson, Br Felix - Mont La Salle, Napa, California
    • Moreno, Br Crisanto - La Salle Taft Brothers Community
    • Morgan, Br Harry [Deceased]
    • Oca, Br Bernie S. - President, De La Salle - Professional Schools, Inc.; and Brother Adviser, De La Salle Alumni Association
    • Pajarillo, Br Mawel - President, De La Salle Lipa
    • Panlilio, Ben [formerly Br Martin] - Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    • Quintos, Javier [former Br] - CFO, Plantation Bay, Cebu. Married with one daughter and 4 grandchildren.
    • Reyes, Br Raffy - Integrated School Principal, La_Salle_University-Ozamiz
    • Tejada, Peter [formerly Br Cornelius] - Alameda County Probation Department, California
    • Wester, Br Hugh Damian [Deceased]
    • Yap, Br Richie - De La Salle Lipa
    • Ygoa, Jose Mari [formerly Br "Yogi"] - Madrid, Spain
  • Teachers (Where are they today?)
    • Aytona, Anita - Math teacher, Holy Cross Regional High School, British Columbia, Canada (e-mail address: aaytona@holycross.bc.ca)
      Leviste, Emmanuel
    • Basa, Felipe Z.
    • Bautista, Clemen
    • Brillantes, Cesar
    • Bugayong, Natividad- Canada
    • Cabrera, Marido
    • Capco, Carmelita - Canada
    • Castillo, Filomena - Asst. Principal, High School Dept., La Salle Green Hills
    • Cruz, Cesar [Deceased]
    • David, Irineo - Math Dept., La Salle Green Hills
    • Davila, Federico
    • de la Rosa, Marilyn - LSGH Adult Night High School
    • Fagela, Marlene [Deceased]
    • Fuentes, Sally [Deceased]
    • Gallardo, Benjamin
    • Geronimo, Teodoro - retired; lives in Town & country Heights, Antipolo City
    • Gorayeb, Teresita
    • Gureng, Paulino - Institutional Head of the Mathematics Dept., La Salle Green Hills
    • Jimenez, Elizabeth P.
    • Kagaoan, Alma Rose - Asst. Principal, High School Dept.,La Salle Green Hills
    • Lacsama, Leodivico - University of Asia & Pacific, Pasig, Philippines
      Lacsama, Leodivico
    • Leviste, Emmanuel - Currently based in Sydney, Australia
    • Manago, Ceferino [Deceased]
    • Martinez, Fr. Francisco [Deceased]
    • Mendoza, Estrella - retired; still in her old home in Q.C.
    • Miguel, Raul - Social Science Dept., La Salle Green Hills
    • Miranda, Minda - Personnel Director, La Salle Green Hills
    • Neri, Rolia [Deceased]
    • Nunez, Luis - retired
    • Pilapil, Maria [Deceased]
    • Ramos Jr., Aurelio "Jun" - Currently with the Loyola Student Center
    • Rochester, Herman - retired; now with Ateneo de Manila University
    • Rodrigo, Belen
    • Roque, Rowena
    • Salalima, Noel - retired; lives in Samsonville, Marcos Highway, Antipolo City
    • Samia, Ella
    • Samson, Myrna [Deceased}
    • Stuart, Luis "Louie" U. - Paper-maker and artist, Tiaong, Quezon
    • Vaflor, Jerry "Jere"
    • Vicencio, Danilo
    • Zamora, Drucilla - La Salle Green Hills High School Library
  • Alumni Directory
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